In general, cookies are used to retain user preferences, store information for things like shopping carts, and provide anonymised tracking data to third party applications. Cookies differentiate you from other users and analyses your behaviour within our website, by using information gathered from your device. As a rule, cookies will make your browsing experience better. However, you may prefer to disable cookies on this site and on others. The most effective way to do this is to disable cookies in your browser. We suggest consulting the Help section of your browser or taking a look at the About Cookies website which offers guidance for all modern browsers.
We use the following cookies:
- Strictly necessary cookies: these are cookies that are required for the operation of our website. They include, for example, cookies that enable you to log into secure areas of our website, use a shopping cart or make use of e-billing services.
- Analytical/performance cookies: these allow us to recognise and count the number of visitors and to see how visitors move around our website when they are using it. This helps us to improve the way our website works, for example, by ensuring that users are finding what they are looking for easily.
- Functionality cookies: these are used to recognise you when you return to our website. This enables us to personalise our content for you, greet you by name and remember your preferences (for example, your choice of language or region).
- Targeting cookie: these cookies record your visit to our website, the pages you have visited and the links you have followed. We will use this information to make our website and the advertising displayed on it more relevant to your interests. We may also share this information with third parties for this purpose.
You can find out more information about the individual cookies we use and the purposes for which we use them in the table below:
This cookie is installed by Google Analytics. The cookie is used to calculate visitor, session, campaign data and keep track of site usage for the site’s analytics report. the cookies store information anonymously and assigns a randomly generated number to identify unique visitors.
This cookie is installed by Google Analytics. The cookie is used to store information of how visitors use a website and helps in creating an alalytics report of how the website is doing. the data collected, including the number of visitors, the source where they have come from, and the pages visited in an anonymous form.
Google uses this cookie to distinguish users.
Cookie banner notification. Set when the cookie banner is dismissed.
IDE, ANID DSID, FLC, AID, TAID, exchange_uid
Google uses one or more cookies for advertising we serve across the web. One of the main advertising cookies on non-Google sites is named ‘IDE‘ and is stored in browsers under the domain doubleclick.net. Another is stored in google.com and is called ANID. We use other cookies with names such as DSID, FLC, AID, TAID, and exchange_uid. Other Google properties, like YouTube, may also use these cookies to show you more relevant ads.
This cookie is used to prevent the banner from always displaying when you are browsing in strict mode.
This cookie is used to consistently serve you the same version of an A/B test page you’ve seen before. It contains the ID of the A/B test page and the ID of the variation that was chosen for you.
End of session
When visiting a password-protected page, this cookie is set so future visits to the page from the same browser do not require login again. The cookie name is unique for each password-protected page. It contains an encrypted version of the password so future visits to the page will not require the password again.
This cookie is used to prevent the chat widget welcome message from appearing again for one day after it is dismissed.
This cookie is set when you log in to a HubSpot-hosted site. It contains encrypted data that identifies the membership user when you are currently logged in.
This cookie is used to ensure that content membership logins cannot be forged. It contains a random string of letters and numbers used to verify that a membership login is authentic.
End of session
This cookie is used to save your selected language choice when viewing pages in multiple languages. It gets set when an end-user selects a language from the language switcher and is used as a language preference to redirect you to sites in your chosen language in the future if they are available. It contains a colon-delimited string with the ISO639 language code choice on the left and the top-level private domain it applies to on the right. An example will be “EN-US:hubspot.com”.
This cookie is set by HubSpot’s CDN provider, Cloudflare. It helps Cloudflare detect malicious visitors to our website and minimizes blocking legitimate users. It may be placed on your devices to identify individual clients behind a shared IP address and apply security settings on a per-client basis. It is necessary for supporting Cloudflare’s security features.
This cookie is set by HubSpot’s CDN provider because of their rate-limiting policies.
End of session
The main cookie for tracking visitors. It contains the domain, utk, initial timestamp (first visit), last timestamp (last visit), current timestamp (this visit), and session number (increments for each subsequent session).
This cookie keeps track of a visitor’s identity. It is passed to HubSpot on form submission and used when deduplicating contacts. It contains an opaque GUID to represent the current visitor.
This cookie keeps track of sessions. This is used to determine if HubSpot should increment the session number and timestamps in the __hstc cookie. It contains the domain, viewCount (increments each pageView in a session), and session start timestamp.
Whenever HubSpot changes the session cookie, this cookie is also set to determine if the visitor has restarted their browser. If this cookie does not exist when HubSpot manages cookies, it is considered a new session. It contains the value “1” when present.
End of session